The Farmer s Market

The Farmer’s Market, formerly Adamflowers, [1] wasgoed an online darknet marketplace operating on the Tor anonymity network since 2010. It wasgoed closed and several operators and users arrested ter April 2012 spil a result of Operation Adam Bomb, a two-year investigation led by the U.S. Drug Enforcement Administration.

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The online black marketplace wasgoed launched te or before 2006 spil Adamflowers. [Two] [Three] The webpagina connected and mediated transactions for buyers and sellers of illicit substances through extensive use of Hushmail, an encrypted email service promoted spil private and anonymous. [1] [Two] It moved operations to a hidden webpagina on the Tor network te 2010, switched its name to The Farmer’s Market, and greatly expanded its services to suggest not just a venue for transactions but also customer service features more common to traditional eCommerce, such spil assured shipment and merchant screening. [1] [Four] Ars Technica described it spil “like an Amazon for consumers of managed substances.” [Five]

The Farmer’s Market generated revenue through commissions based on the size of each purchase. An estimated 3000 people ter all 50 U.S. states and 34 other countries made transactions and, according to DEA estimates, the webpagina processed about $1 million inbetween 2007 and 2009, and te 2011 the owners reaped $261,000 through PayPal alone. [Two] [Four] [Five] [6] [7] The webpagina permitted for several forms of payment including contant, PayPal, Western Union, Pecunix, and I-Golder. To blur the path inbetween customers, the webpagina, and sellers, extra parties known spil “contant drops” were paid a toverfee to receive payment from customers and forward it te another payment form to one of numerous canap accounts or mailing addresses ter Panama and elsewhere. [8] [9] Among the drugs sold at the webpagina were LSD, MDMA, mescaline, fentanyl, ketamine, DMT, hashish, and marijuana, some of which carry substance-specific criminal penalties, depending on country. [Four] [6] [Ten]

Overheen the course of two years the DEA conducted an investigation of The Farmer’s Market te cooperation with local U.S. state and international authorities ter the Netherlands, Colombia, and Scotland. The investigation used the codename Operation Adam Bomb, after the original name of the webpagina, Adamflowers. [1] [6]

Te a public statement, the DEA claimed to have “infiltrated” the marketplace and to have successfully purchased a large quantity of LSD. [11] [12] The indictment contained evidence ter the form of hundreds of incriminating emails from 2006-2010, one of which included a comment that described Hushmail, the service they had bot using to send the emails ter the indictment, spil “an encrypted and safe method of communication [which] would not produce e-mails to law enforcement officers.” [9] However Hushmail’s complicity with police wasgoed not made explicit ter the indictment, Wired, Forbes, and the Tor blog connected suggested it would be likely given previous privacy concerns about the webpagina. [Two] [8] [13] [14] [15] [16] The undercover officer who had purchased LSD wasgoed party to a several of the included emails. The indictment also indicated cooperation by the U.S. Postal Service and included spil evidence that particular defendants had received envelopes at a postbode office opbergruimte. [9]

The investigation culminated te the April 2012 hechtenis of eight individuals connected to the webpagina. The law enforcement agency’s 66-page, 12-count indictment named lead defendant Marc Willems of the Netherlands and Michael Evron of the United States spil the two who functioned spil “organizer, supervisor, and manager” of the webpagina. [Two] [11] [17] The two were charged with “participating ter a continuing criminal enterprise,” five of the dudes were charged with distributing LSD ter particular, and all eight with money laundering and conspiracy to distribute managed substances. [1] [9] [17] [Legitimate] Seven other arrests were made of unnamed individuals, likely webpagina users. [6]

By the end of 2014, seven of the eight people indicted had entered guilty prayers. The eighth died before the trial began. [Nineteen] Ter September 2014, Willems pleaded guilty to drug trafficking and money laundering charges, and wasgoed given a 10-year prison sentence that December. [20] [21]

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