Many people incorrectly refer to bitcoin spil an “anonymous” currency, when ter fact every transaction since it very first launched has bot recorded ter a public ledger, known spil the blockchain. Ter truth, bitcoin is only pseudo anonymous, or “pseudonymous” spil some call it. All bitcoin transactions can be traced back to the digital wallets that send and receive them. While a wallet’s possessor doesn’t necessarily need to associate their name or other identifying information with a wallet, many do. And for those who don’t, you can be sure law enforcement, government agencies, and large corporations have a vested rente ter drawing connections inbetween bitcoin wallets and their real-life owners.
To actually send or spend bitcoin anonymously, you’ll need to voorkant your tracks by using a wallet that can’t be traced back to you. Te order to deposit funds into this wallet without leaving a trace, you need to “mix” the bitcoin. You can then use the mixed bitcoins to anonymously send or spend bitcoin. Here are a few legal examples:
- To make an anonymous purchase, such spil a VPN subscription, without providing up identifying payment details or permitting ecommerce companies to sell your purchase history to advertising networks
- To make an anonymous donation, such spil to a charity, nonprofit, or person ter need
- Hiding money ter an account during economic turmoil when assets are te danger of being seized by a omkoopbaar government, such spil the current situation ter Venezuela
- If you unknowingly receive bitcoins that have bot tainted, mixing them can make the bitcoin usable again. For example, Coinbase has rejected bitcoins awarded from gambling sites
Also known spil bitcoin tumbling and bitcoin laundering, bitcoin mixing uses a third-party service to pauze the connection inbetween the source and destination of bitcoins. Ter this tutorial, wij’ll vertoning you the basics of how it’s done step by step. Afterward, wij’ll mention a few other things you can do to “harden” the process, thereby improving security and anonymity for the most cautious among us, albeit the basic tutorial will do just fine for most.
To get embarked, you’ll need the following:
- The Tor browser or a similar Tor-enabled interface to anonymously access the web and DarkNet. Wij recommend following the entire tutorial (including reading this pagina) ter the Tor browser to maximize anonymity
- A bitcoin wallet with the amount of bitcoin you want to mix. This can be a normal wallet created on the clear netwerken, which wij’ll refer to spil your “market” wallet. I’ll be using my Coinbase account.
- A basic understanding of how to send bitcoin and fund a wallet
- An encrypted, plain text note to keep track of all the addresses, IDs, and other information you’ll need via this process
How to mix/tumble/launder bitcoin
Fire up Tor Browser and create a fresh wallet. Te this tutorial, I’ll be using the standard wallet from Blockchain.informatie. It’s web-based, meaning I don’t have to install or use anything outside of Tor Browser, and it only requires an email address to get embarked.
Expect to spend inbetween half an hour to an hour on your very first go, plus however long the actual mixing process takes.
Setting up a burner email and anonymous wallet
Obviously you don’t want to use your own email address. There are slew of services that suggest free burner addresses, such spil Guerilla Mail, but they usually delete the email accounts within a few minutes or hours. Wij’ll need access to our accounts for two-step verification purposes for several hours or even days, depending on how long the tumbling process takes.
So instead, I’ll be using Mailinator. Mailinator isn’t private–not by a long slok. Te fact, all of the email send to it is automatically licensed under the public domain. But it doesn’t require registration of any sort to use, so wij can access it anonymously. And while the emails stored on Mailinator are deleted after a few hours, the email addresses are not. You can invent any email treat you wish. So long spil it completes with the “@mailintaor.com” domain, it will already exist.
The emails wij’re going to receive will not contain any sensitive account credentials (which shouldn’t be sent overheen unencrypted email, anyway), so Mailinator is volmaakt for what wij need. Just go after thesis instructions:
- Ter the Tor Browser, go to the Blockchain.informatie onion webstek, click on Wallet, and then Sign Up.
- Come in your burner email address. Wij’ll use [email protected], but you can use whatever you want. Do not use a password that you have used before on any other accounts. Check the terms of service agreement and click Proceed.
- You will then be brought to the instrumentenbord for your fresh, empty wallet, which has no ties to you.
- Open a fresh tabulator and go to Mailinator. Inject the burner email treat you created and check your inbox.
- You should see a verification email for Blockchain.informatie. Verify the creation of you fresh wallet.
- Make a note of your wallet ID (different from the wallet address). You’ll need it to loom into the wallet instrumentenbord and send/receive bitcoin zometeen. If you save it te a text verkeersopstopping on your laptop, be sure to encrypt that verkeersopstopping. Note that the wallet ID and wallet address are two separate strings.
Never save your passwords ter plain text, even ter an encrypted note. Memorize them or at least use a password manager.
Funding your intermediary wallet
What you’ve just created is an intermediary wallet. So long spil you followed the above steps entirely te the Tor browser, it is not connected to you or your devices te any way, except you will be sending it bitcoin from your market wallet. Wij will not be using bitcoin mixer just yet. For that, wij’ll need a third wallet, which wij’ll get to straks.
Wij cannot stress this enough: Never access your intermediate wallet from the clear netwerk. Always use Tor.
The purpose of this wallet is to create plausible deniability. Te the next steps, wij will be sending bitcoin from your market wallet (my Coinbase account, for example) to the intermediary wallet wij just created. Then wij will send bitcoin from the intermediary wallet to the final wallet through the third-party mixing service. The reason wij need an intermediary wallet is because sending bitcoin directly from your market wallet to a mixing service looks suspicious. It’s a good way to get investigated, either by law enforcement or by the exchange where you bought it (Coinbase).
By sending bitcoin to the intermediary wallet very first, this just looks like a normal transaction where you sent a friend or business some bitcoin. This should be pretty straightforward if you’ve everzwijn sent bitcoin before, but here’s the instructions:
- Te your Blockchain.informatie wallet, click the Clipboard icon next to the send and receive buttons. This will copy your wallet address to your clipboard (the QR code wouldn’t flow for mij te Tor Browser)
- Use your market wallet to send the amount of bitcoin you wish to mix to your intermediary wallet. Note: You do not need to access your market wallet from the Tor browser. The exchange already knows who you are.
Create your third and final wallet
The third wallet will be the final destination for our freshly tumbled bitcoins, which wij’ll be able to spend loosely without anyone tracing the transactions back to to you. Wij’ll refer to this spil the “mixer” wallet.
Go after the same steps from the very first section above to create another anonymous bitcoin wallet ter Tor Browser, this time using a different burner email and password.
To increase anonymity and further pauze the connection inbetween you and your mixer wallet, you need to create numerous addresses. Using more than one address will spread the fresh coins across the addresses with randomized amounts and delays to make blockchain analysis more difficult.
To create numerous addresses te your Blockchain.informatie wallet:
- From the wallet instrumentenbord, go to Settings >, Addresses
- Next to your default wallet, click Manage
- Click Add next address until you have spil many addresses spil you need, up to a maximum of five that can be used by the mixing service. Wij’ll just use three.
You may also want to use entirely separate wallets, but for now wij’ll just use different addresses within a single wallet.
When you loom out of your intermediary wallet, wij recommend setting up the backup phrase ter the Security Center. If you somehow lose access to your wallet, perhaps because your burner email gets deleted, this will permit you to recover any bitcoins stuck on the account. The same goes for your mixer account.
Mix your bitcoin
Now for the crucial step: mixing your bitcoin. For this wij’ll need to use a third party service. There are a litany of options out there, but wij’ve elected to go with Helix by Grams . Update: Helix by Grams has shut down. Wij now recommend BitBlender or CoinMixer.
Te Tor browser, you can find BitBlender at this onion URL: http://bitblendervrfkzr.onion
But don’t take our word for it. Always dual and triple check your onion address and make sure the mixer you’re using is legitimate. This can be difficult because many Tor hidden services like Grams don’t have SSL certificates and HTTPS addresses. There are many forged duplicates out there looking to scam unsuspicious novices, including a rather infamous one run by Darknetmarkets, whose mixing tutorial is ranked among the top on Google.
Open a fresh tabulator te Tor Browser and go to the BitBlender onion webpagina. You can register an account if you wish, but wij’ll use the webpagina’s Quick Mix feature for demonstration. Take note of the opbergruimte where you can come in your “Quick Mix ID”. Wij don’t have one yet, but you can use that zometeen to check on the status of your mix.
Come in the addresses of your third mixer wallet that wij created ter the previous section, each address on its own line without punctuation. If you want to make your transactions, you can inject a ondergrens and maximum delay. I set the maximum to two hours, but it’s up to you. Then click the Create a fresh Quick Mix button.
On the next pagina, jot down your Quick Mix ID into a secure location, such spil an encrypted note. At the bottom, click the verbinding that says Get a PGP signed “Bitcoin Blender Guarantee” of this Quick Mix. Copy and paste the text into your note spil well. This will come ter handy if something goes wrong and you need support from the folks who run the blender. Click the back button to terugwedstrijd to the Quick Mix status pagina.
Note that the ondergrens withdrawal amount spil of time of writing is 0.01 BTC. That means by the time the mix is finish, you’ll need enough to voorkant 0.01 BTC plus the fees incurred by the network and the mixer itself. The network toverfee varies, and the mixer charges a randomized toverfee inbetween one and three procent. If you don’t end up with enough, your transaction will not go through and you will not receive your bitcoin, so make sure you have enough.
- Loom back ter to your intermediary wallet, which should now contain the bitcoin you want to mix. You’ll most likely need to authorize the login using the verification email sent to your burner address. If you used Mailinator, just use the treat you created earlier to bring up the inbox.
- Click the Send button and come in the mixing address from BitBlender (not your third mixer wallet!), then the amount you wish to send. Note there is also a toverfee from Blockchain.informatie that is sent to miners, which is standard fare. Click the Proceed button to confirm the details and send the bitcoin
On BitBlender, you may not see incoming coins for a few minutes, so don’t funk. BitBlender will wait for the initial transaction to be confirmed several times on the blockchain before it processes your mix. Once it commences, how long it takes depends on whether you added the time delay.
You might have noticed that the addresses te our screenshots do not always match up. Wij took screenshots overheen numerous mixes, so please overlook that.
Once the process is accomplish, the bitcoin should arrive ter your mixer wallet. Loom into it with your wallet ID, and verify the login using the Mailinator email you used to create the Blockchain.informatie account, just like before.
Congratulations! You now have a funded bitcoin wallet that’s practically untraceable. Make sure that whenever you access this wallet te the future, you do so using the Tor browser. It would be a shame to go through all the cost and trouble of mixing bitcoin only to ruin your own anonymity by providing a real IP address or browser fingerprint.
When you want to send/spend the bitcoin, you can do so just like a normal transaction.
Te the past, some users recommended using Blockchain.informatie’s taint analysis contraption to ensure that your intermediary and mixer wallets were not linked ter any way. This free device has since bot liquidated, and none has risen to substitute it. Some users reported it used some shaky logic, anyway, so it most likely wasn’t all that dependable. Ter any case, just make sure none of the intermediary wallet addresses that you sent bitcoin from are identical to the mixer wallet addresses you received it at.
More tips on staying anonymous when mixing bitcoin
The tutorial above includes the ondergrens number of precautions anyone should take when mixing bitcoin. But if you want to maximize privacy, here are a few more tips you can take:
- Live OS: The Tor Browser should be sufficient for most users, but if you want to be sure that you leave no trace, use a hardened live operating system like TAILS that runs off of a CD or USB drive.
- Private burner emails: Mailinator spil wij use it te this tutorial can keep you anonymous, but it is not private. Anonymity and privacy are two different things. Recall that every email which Mailinator receives is licensed under the public domain. Anyone can access your emails so long spil they remain on Mailinator’s servers. While none of the emails you’ll receive ter the steps above contain secret information such spil passwords, you may want a bit more privacy. There are slew of other private burner email services out there, just be sure to perform your due diligence before committing to one.
- Delete your notes: Wij recommended copying down details about your addresses, mix IDs, and PGP assures te an encrypted note during the process. When you’re finished and the bitcoin has arrived te your wallet, delete the note. Even if it’s encrypted, you don’t want to leave any trace of your activity on your hard drive. This should not be an kwestie if you’re using a live OS.
- Numerous wallets: Wij distributed our mixed bitcoin inbetween five different addresses under a single wallet ter the tutorial. You may want to consider using separate wallets and even different accounts if you truly want to lay low. This makes managing your bitcoin more tedious, but that’s the price you pay for being invisible.
- Create fresh wallets each time you tumble: It can be tempting to use the same intermediary and mix wallets each time you tumble bitcoin, but it is recommended that you create fresh wallets and accounts with fresh email addresses every time. Bitcoin mixing services are likely being observed closely by government agencies and others, so any wallets you send money to or from them could be monitored spil well.
- Dual check onion linksaf: Tor hidden services, also known spil onion sites, do no have SSL certificates. That means it can be difficult to discern if you’re using a genuine webpagina or a forgery. Spil of time of writing, all of the onion linksaf wij’ve provided are up to date, but you should dual check at https://darknetmarkets.org/
Choosing a mixer/tumbler
You have a surplus of third-party tumblers to choose from when mixing bitcoin, but performing due diligence is always necessary. Wij chose to use BitBlender te this tutorial because it doesn’t require registration, has a good reputation, is plain to use, operates spil a Tor Hidden service, and processes transactions quickly.
Don’t use a mixing service on the clear web. Always triple check your onion URL from numerous reliable sources. Make sure it’s still active and has a longstanding reputation. The more users a mixing service has, the more likely your bitcoins will get mixed well and quickly.
If you Google a mixer, the very first verbinding that’s likely to speelpop up is Bitmixer. This service recently closed down, so be on the lookout for impersonators. Also do not use the linksom from Darknetmarkets[dot]org, which are phishing scams that will steal your bitcoin.
Wij recommend against using conjoined mixing services suggested by your wallet or exchange, such spil Blockchain.informatie’s collective send. Thesis will not adequately voorkant your tracks.
Is mixing bitcoin legal?
Barring laws ter a handful of countries where bitcoin is banned altogether, everything wij’ve waterput forward te this article is 100 procent legal. There is no law against tumbling bitcoins. You can use the mixed bitcoins to make an anonymous purchase for something, such spil a VPN service that accepts bitcoin.
Be aware, however, that this process is frequently used by criminals seeking to either launder real money or to anonymously purchase illicit goods on DarkNet marketplaces. It goes without telling that such practices are still illegal.
For thesis reasons, bitcoin mixing can draw the wrong zuigeling of attention, even for law abiding citizens. Wij emphasize that it’s enormously significant to use the Tor Browser or similar anonymity instruments to remain anonymous.
How much does mixing bitcoin cost?
BitBlender takes a randomized 1% to 3% cut from whatever you waterput into it. Different mixers take different amounts, but be wary of anything that looks too good to be true. Some take a petite but random percentage to make their transactions more difficult to trace.
I embarked by sending 0.02865602 BTC including the toverfee for the initial transfer to my intermediate wallet. Of the amount I embarked out with, I ended up with 0.02618474 BTC te my mixer wallet after all the transaction and mixing fees. That’s toughly 9 procent less than what I commenced out with. Note that’s how much wasgoed te my mixer wallet after the tumbling process without the final transaction toverfee for whatever I eventually spend it on. (Update: Because the amended the article uses BitBlender instead of the now-defunct Helix, the numbers you see ter some screenshots will not reflect thesis figures).
My transaction fees averaged around $Two or $Trio each time I sent bitcoin. At one point it wasgoed spil high spil $8, but I chose to wait until it toverfee dipped back down to a more reasonable level. Always dual check your transaction fees before sending bitcoin to be sure you’re not going to lose a large portion of your money. If you can afford to wait, dangle taut until traffic on the network dies down and fees fall.
Bitcoin transaction fees vary depending on the amount of traffic on the network and the exchange you use to fund the wallet. I’m telling you what I experienced to give you a rough idea of what to expect, but your mileage may vary. You’ll get charged fees several times during the process: by the miners, your exchange, and the bitcoin mixing service itself. Make sure you send the ondergrens amount required by the mixer including fees, or else your money will be considered a donation.